When a disease or condition that is affecting the spinal vertebrae results in pain or other unpleasant symptoms upon movement of the spine, spinal fusion surgery can be a treatment option. When performed in the lumbar (low back) area of the spine, lumbar fusion surgery “fuses” the affected vertebra together so that they can no longer cause pain upon movement. While this procedure may reduce spinal flexibility and should only be employed once other conservative treatment options have failed to provide relief, lumbar fusion can help people achieve the pain relief necessary to return to active daily living. The lumbar fusion approach and technique used by the expert spine specialists at Riverside University Physicians is always dependent upon the patient’s unique situation. Appropriate pain management and rehabilitation are essential aspects of lumbar fusion surgery and making healthy lifestyle choices before and after the procedure will significantly increase the chances for success of the operation.